全面分析8种SAT阅读题型答题技巧

2016-01-22 16:19  作者:无 点击:
阅读部分是SAT考试的重中之重,想要获得高分,这部分一定是需要重点攻克的难关。主页菌为你们精心整理了8种SAT阅读题答题技巧,速速转走试用,提升速度、提高正确率这都不是事儿~


1. 主旨大意题

问题含义:这篇文章的主旨大意是什么?或这篇文章主要说了什么?

常见问法:
The main point of the passage is to
The passage can primarily be described as
The passage as a whole primarily concerned with

答题技巧:在看选项之前心里就要有一个答案,然后找最贴近的答案。

2. 直接理解题

问题含义:划线句子或其他指定文中句子的含义是什么?

常见问法:
The phrase “X” refers to
The author apparently believes which of the following about X?
All of the following X can be found in the passage EXCEPT

答题技巧:使用“一指”原则,即答案通常都在问题上下不超过一指的位置。

3. 策略分析题

问题含义:作者写某一句话或某一段的用意是什么?或为什么这一段要放在文中这个位置?

常见问法:
The purpose of the fifth paragraph is to
The author mentions X in order to demonstrate
The quotation marks around X serve to emphasize

答题技巧:要么是总结上文,要么是承上启下,或者引出下文。

4. 间接推测题

问题含义:从文中我们可以推测出什么信息?

常见问法:
It can be inferred from X that
The statement in X suggests/implies that
X is based on the assumption that

答题技巧:SAT对此类题的答案设置非常保守,并且通常都有文字佐证。

比如:My favorite exercise for this: What’s the least we can assume based on the statement, “Kobe Bryant once scored 83 points in a basketball game...”?

答案即可推出是basketball

5. 类比题或应用题

问题含义:根据文中A与B的关系推断选项中X与Y的关系

常见问法:
Which of the following, if true, would most directly prove/disprove/affirm/undermine/ support X in the passage?
Which best describes/characterizes the relationship between X and Y?
Which of the following situations is most analogous to X situation in the passage?

答题技巧:首先,明确文中提到的A和B的“关系”,然后明确选项中的对比对象的关系。

问题是:Which of the following would be analogous to that situation?
a. a mother criticizing her child’s choice of clothing
b. a farmer telling a sailor about his fear of an impending drought
c. a circus artist taking issue with the research methods of a psychologist

答案为C,X为艺术家,Y为心理学家的研究方法,二者也是不同领域的。

6. 比较差异题

问题含义:A和B的不同之处是什么?

常见问法:
Both passages agree on which of the following points?
The author of Passage 1 would most likely assert with of the following about 2?
Compared to Passage 1’s tone, Passage 2’s tone is

答题技巧:再次强调,一定要在看选项之前心里对答案就有预判,根据预判找答案,这很重要!

7. 语气题/态度题

问题含义:作者对于文章或某段话的态度是怎样的?

常见问法:
The author’s tone in X is best described as
The author’s attitude toward X might best be described as
The mood of X is best described/characterized as

答题技巧:首先问问自己对这篇文章的态度是“negative”, “positive”, “neutral” 还是ambivalent,然后对这几种态度的强烈程度打分。这种方式通常可以帮你排除掉2-3个答案。

8. 词意分析题

问题含义:某单词的含义是什么?

常见问法:
The word “X” most nearly means
In context, the word “X” is best understood to mean
In line X, the word Y most nearly means

答题技巧:通常这个单词不是生僻词,但是考察的应该不会是你熟悉的含义,即考察“熟词僻意”。所以以此可以排除掉一些明显的错误选项。

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